Lifestyle changes and work-related stress are adding to the sleepless nights of the younger generation. Sleep disturbance refers to any disruption in the normal pattern of sleep. This disruption can occur in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep, and it can affect a person's ability to function during the day. Sleep disturbances can be caused by a variety of factors, including medical conditions, mental health disorders, medications, and environmental factors. Some common examples of sleep disturbances include insomnia (difficulty falling or staying asleep), sleep apnea (a condition in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep), restless leg syndrome (a neurological condition characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the legs), and narcolepsy (a disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden sleep attacks). Sleep disturbances can have a significant impact on a person's physical and mental health, and may require treatment from a healthcare provider. Here are some of the most common causes:
Speaking with a healthcare provider can help determine the underlying cause and develop a treatment plan if you experience difficulty sleeping at night.
Here are some tips that may help you sleep better at night:
Several healthcare providers can help you with sleeping issues, depending on the underlying cause of your sleep problems. Here are some options:
A psychologist can help with sleep issues if they are related to stress, anxiety, depression, or other mental health concerns. Psychologists can help determinate the underlying cause of sleep problems and provide treatment using cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for insomnia or other sleep disorders. CBT for insomnia is a therapy that focuses on changing negative thoughts and behaviours that may be contributing to sleep problems. It teaches individuals new strategies for managing stress and anxiety and developing better sleep habits. CBT for insomnia is effective in treating a wide range of sleep disorders, including chronic insomnia. In addition to CBT, psychologists may also use other types of therapy, such as relaxation techniques, mindfulness-based stress reduction, or biofeedback to help individuals manage stress and improve sleep. If the underlying cause of sleep problems is related to a medical condition, such as sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome, a psychologist may refer you to a physician or sleep specialist for further evaluation and treatment.
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